A Commutation reduces the sentence of a convict while a pardon forgives the crime altogether.

What is commutation?

When a person is sentenced to prison, they are typically given a set amount of time that they will spend behind bars. However, in some cases, prisoners may be eligible for commutation, which is a reduction in their sentence. Commutation can be granted for a variety of reasons, such as good behaviour, old age or extraordinary circumstances. It is granted by the president or a state governor. A commutation does not erase the record of the conviction.

What is a pardon?

A pardon is a formal, official act of forgiveness. It is granted by the president or a state governor and restores certain civil rights, such as the right to vote or hold public office, to a person who has been convicted of a crime. A pardon does not erase the record of the conviction.

When to choose commutation or pardon

There are several factors authorities take into consideration when deciding whether to commute or pardon a sentence. The most important factor is the severity of the crime. If the crime is serious, such as murder, then a commutation is usually not an option. For less serious crimes, such as nonviolent offenses, a commutation may be possible. Another factor to consider is the amount of time the person has already served. If the person has already served a significant portion of their sentence, then a pardon is more likely to be granted than if they have only served a short amount of time. Finally, the person’s behavior while in prison can also affect the decision. If the person has been well-behaved and shown remorse for their crime, then they are more likely to be pardoned than someone who has not behaved well in prison.

 

Photo by camilo jimenez on Unsplash

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like
Murder law

What are the differences between degrees of murder?

Table of Contents Hide Degrees of murderFirst-degree murderExamples of first-degree murder include:Punishment…

What is the difference between assault and battery

Table of Contents Hide What is assault?What is battery?Assault Vs. Battery –…

What is the difference between an association and an organisation

Table of Contents Hide AssociationsOrganisationsAssociation Vs. Organisation – Key differencesPros and cons…