The Civil War was fought between the Confederate States of America and the Union states. The Confederacy consisted of 11 southern states that seceded from the United States, while the Union was made up of 23 northern states.

The American Civil War

The American Civil War was fought from 1861-1865 between the Confederate States of America, made up of 11 southern states that seceded from the United States, and the Union states, made up of 23 northern states. The primary cause of the war was slavery and states’ rights. The Confederacy wanted to keep slavery while the Union wanted it abolished. Over 620,000 men died in the Civil War, making it one of the deadliest in American history.

Differences between the Confederacy and the Union

The Confederacy was made up of 11 southern states that seceded from the United States, while the Union was the 23 northern states that remained in the country. The Confederacy was fighting for its independence, while the Union was fighting to keep the country together.

One of the biggest differences between the two sides was their economy. The Confederacy relied heavily on slavery and agriculture, while the Union had a more diversified economy that included manufacturing and industry. This meant that the Union had more resources to fund its war effort.

The Confederate states also had a much smaller population than the Union states. This made it difficult for them to raise an army that could match the size of the Union army. In addition, many of the best military leaders in the country were from the north, which gave the Union a clear advantage.

Ultimately, these differences led to a bloody and devastating war that claimed over 600,000 lives.

The Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA) was a collection of 11 states that seceded from the United States in 1860. Led by Jefferson Davis, the CSA struggled to find its footing as a new nation; ultimately, it was defeated in 1865 by the Union army. The primary reason for secession was slavery; the Confederacy hoped to keep slaves as property, while the Union eventually abolished slavery altogether.

The Union

The Union was the name given to the federal government of the United States of America from the time of its formation until the end of the American Civil War. The Union was created by the Articles of Confederation, which were ratified by all thirteen states in 1781. The Union was a loose confederation of states with a central government that had limited powers. The Union had no president, no national army, and no national currency. The main purpose of the Union was to coordinate military efforts and foreign policy among the states.

In 1787, delegates from all thirteen states met in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. They came up with a new plan for a stronger central government, which became known as the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution was ratified by all thirteen states in 1788, and George Washington was elected as the first President of the United States.

The federal government under the Constitution had more power than the government under the Articles of Confederation. The federal government could raise taxes, regulate interstate commerce, and declare war. However, many people believed that the federal government still did not have enough power. They thought that each state should remain sovereign and independent. This led to conflict between those who supported state sovereignty and those who supported a strong central government.

The conflict came to a head during the American Civil War (1861-1865). The Confederate States of America (made up of 11 southern states) seceded from the United States over disagreements about slavery.

Photo by Daniel Lloyd Blunk-Fernández on Unsplash

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