The term “artichoke” usually refers to the edible flower bud of the plant species Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, commonly known as the globe artichoke.

TL;DR Artichoke Vs. Globe artichoke

Artichokes refer to a broader category that encompasses various types of thistle-like plants.

Globe artichoke specifically refers to a specific variety known for its edible flower buds.

Both types offer impressive health perks. Artichokes are rich in fiber, antioxidants, vitamins C and K, and minerals like potassium and magnesium. Globe artichokes also provide these nutrients but in higher quantities.

In terms of culinary uses, artichokes can be used in a range of dishes such as dips, salads, pasta sauces, or simply enjoyed steamed or grilled with some butter or aioli. On the other hand, globe artichoke is primarily consumed by boiling or steaming the whole bud until tender and then removing individual leaves for dipping into sauces.

What is an artichoke?

picture of artichoke

An artichoke is an edible, thistle-like plant prized for its immature flower buds and fleshy base, known as the heart. Scientifically classified as Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, it belongs to the sunflower family.

The globe artichoke is the most common variety consumed, recognized for its large, green, tightly packed buds. Prepared by boiling or steaming, the tender inner leaves and heart are eaten, often accompanied by sauces or dressings. Rich in fiber, antioxidants, and minerals, artichokes are not only a culinary delight but also contribute to a nutritious diet.

What is a globe artichoke?

A globe artichoke is a vegetable prized for its edible flower bud and tender heart. Scientifically known as Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, it belongs to the thistle family. Characterized by a large, green, cone-shaped bud with tightly packed, fleshy scales, the globe artichoke is cultivated for culinary use.

Harvested before flowering, it is typically prepared by boiling or steaming. The outer leaves are removed to reveal the delectable heart, often enjoyed with various sauces or dressings. Rich in fiber, antioxidants, and nutrients, the globe artichoke not only offers a unique culinary experience but also nutritional benefits.

Artichoke Vs. Globe artichoke – Key differences

CriteriaArtichokeGlobe Artichoke
Common NameCan refer to various thistle-like plants.Specifically denotes Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, the edible variety.
Edible PartMay refer to roots, leaves, or flowers.Primarily the immature flower bud and heart.
Culinary UseUses can vary widely depending on the plant species.Mainly consumed for the tender heart and inner leaves, often boiled or steamed.
Botanical ClassificationCan belong to different plant genera.Belongs to the species Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus.
Cultivation PurposeCan be cultivated for various reasons, including ornamental and medicinal uses.Primarily cultivated as a vegetable for culinary purposes.
AppearanceVaried appearance depending on the specific plant species.Characterized by a large, green, cone-shaped bud with tightly packed scales.
Nutritional ContentVaries widely based on the specific plant type.Rich in fiber, antioxidants, and nutrients beneficial for health.
Commonly Consumed VarietyN/AGlobe artichoke is the commonly consumed variety.
Scientific NameCan have different scientific names based on the species.Scientifically known as Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus.

Artichoke – Nutritional benefits

  1. Rich in Fiber: Supports digestive health and helps maintain a feeling of fullness.
  2. Low in Calories: Suitable for those looking to manage their calorie intake.
  3. Antioxidants: Contains compounds like quercetin and anthocyanins, which have antioxidant properties.
  4. Vitamins and Minerals: Good source of vitamins C and K, as well as minerals such as potassium, magnesium, and iron.
  5. Liver Health: Some studies suggest potential benefits for liver health and cholesterol regulation.
  6. Prebiotic Properties: The fiber content may promote the growth of beneficial gut bacteria.
  7. Hydration: Contains water content, contributing to overall hydration.

Remember, the nutritional content can vary based on factors such as cooking methods and serving sizes.

Culinary Uses

picture of artichoke on a table

  1. Boiling or Steaming: The whole artichoke is often boiled or steamed until tender. The outer leaves are pulled off, and the fleshy base (heart) is eaten.
  2. Grilling: Artichokes can be halved and grilled, giving them a smoky flavor.
  3. Roasting: Roasting artichokes with herbs, garlic, and olive oil enhances their flavor.
  4. Stuffed Artichokes: The cavity of the artichoke can be filled with seasoned breadcrumbs, herbs, and other ingredients before cooking.
  5. Dips and Sauces: The tender leaves and heart can be dipped in various sauces like garlic butter, aioli, or vinaigrette.
  6. Salads: Artichoke hearts, either fresh or marinated, are used in salads for added flavor and texture.
  7. Pizza Toppings: Sliced or chopped artichoke hearts are used as pizza toppings.


Image Credits

Featured Image By – djedj from Pixabay

Image 1 By – Ronile from Pixabay

Image 2 By – Paasikivi, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like

What is the difference between baking chocolate and normal chocolate

Table of Contents Hide Baking chocolateNormal chocolateBaking chocolate Vs Normal chocolate –…

What is the difference between caramel and butterscotch?

Table of Contents Hide TL;DR Caramel Vs. ButterscotchWhat is caramel?What is butterscotch?Caramel…

What is the difference between supper and dinner?

Table of Contents Hide What is supper?What is dinner?Supper Vs. Dinner –…