In general, prejudice and discrimination are two very different things. Prejudice is an automatic negative attitude we have towards a certain group of people without really thinking about it. Discrimination, on the other hand, is much more deliberate – it’s when we make decisions based on our prejudices instead of thinking about what would be best for everyone involved. Unfortunately, these distinctions can get muddy pretty easily, which is why it’s important to know the difference between the two so that you can combat them effectively.

Prejudice Vs. Discrimination – Key differences

Prejudice and discrimination are two different concepts. Prejudice is a general feeling or attitude that is not based on facts. Discrimination is a specific action or behavior that is based on prejudice.

One example of discrimination is when someone treats someone differently because of their race, sex, or religion. Someone might say something sexist or racist to another person, for example. Another example of discrimination can be when a company only hires people from one certain background or nationality. This type of discrimination can limit people’s opportunities and lead to inequality.

Prejudice can also exist without any specific action being taken. For example, people might associate all black people with being criminals, which could lead to them treating them differently than others. Prejudice often has roots in historical events and attitudes that have been passed down from one person to another over time.

Prejudice and Discrimination Defined

Prejudice and discrimination are two very different concepts. Prejudice is a general attitude or feeling that one has before making a decision about someone or something. Discrimination is the act of judging someone or something based on their race, sex, religion, etc. When people say that they have “prejudice against smokers,” for example, they mean that they have an irrational dislike for smokers and don’t think that they’re worth their time or money. Discrimination, on the other hand, is when someone treats smokers differently than non-smokers because of their smoking habits. For example, if I work at a restaurant and refuse to serve smokers, that would be discrimination because it’s based on my personal beliefs about smoking.

Prejudice is thought to be a simple form of discrimination in which people have a preconceived notion of those they are judging. For example, someone might think all black people are lazy or that all Muslims are terrorists. Discrimination, on the other hand, is more complex and takes into account the individual’s characteristics and experiences. Someone who is discriminated against might feel that their race, religion, gender, or sexual orientation has played a role in why they were not given a job, been passed over for promotion, or having their loan rejected.

Types of Prejudice and Discrimination

There are three types of prejudice: Psychological, Behavioral, and Structural.

Psychological prejudice occurs when individuals have a negative image of certain groups of people because they observe how those groups behave or look.

Behavioral prejudice occurs when people act out their negative attitudes by refusing to associate with certain groups or treating them unfairly.

Structural prejudice occurs when social institutions, such as the workplace, punish people for being members of certain groups.

Effects of Prejudice and Discrimination

Prejudice and discrimination can have a profound and long-lasting impact on individuals and communities. It can lead to feelings of inferiority, low self-esteem, and a lack of confidence in oneself. Discrimination can also result in a lack of equal opportunities in education, employment, and housing, which can limit a person’s ability to succeed and reach their full potential. This can contribute to cycles of poverty and disadvantage that are difficult to break. Prejudice and discrimination can also lead to social division and conflict, as well as feelings of anger and bitterness towards those who hold prejudiced beliefs. This can harm relationships and communities, creating a hostile and unwelcoming environment for certain groups of people. Ultimately, prejudice and discrimination can have far-reaching and damaging effects on society as a whole, and it is important to work towards a more inclusive and equitable world for all.

Prejudice is the initial, unintentional attitude that leads to discrimination. It is a negative feeling or judgment about someone or something before you have had the chance to know them. Discrimination is the act of treating someone differently based on their prejudice.

It can be difficult to tell the difference between prejudice and discrimination because they both have similar symptoms. For example, both prejudice and discrimination can lead to negative thoughts and feelings about someone or something. They can also lead to actions that are harmful to either the person or thing that is being discriminated against. However, there are some important differences between these two concepts.

One difference between prejudice and discrimination is that prejudice is typically driven by emotions (such as anger, fear, or dislike), while discrimination is driven more by facts (such as belonging to a certain group). Another difference is that people tend to discriminate against things that are different from them, while people often have prejudices against things that are similar to them. Finally, when people have prejudices, they often don’t know it exists (because it’s unconscious), but when people discriminate, they are aware of their biases and may actively try to push other groups away.

What is the relationship between discrimination and prejudice?

Prejudice and discrimination are related but distinct concepts. Prejudice refers to a preconceived opinion or attitude towards a person or group based on their perceived characteristics, such as race, gender, or sexual orientation. Discrimination, on the other hand, refers to actions that treat people differently based on those same characteristics. Prejudice can lead to discrimination, as people may act on their biased beliefs and attitudes by denying certain opportunities or resources to individuals they perceive as being different. In this way, prejudice and discrimination are interlinked, as prejudice can create a foundation for discrimination to occur.

What is an example of a prejudice?

Prejudice refers to a preconceived opinion or attitude towards an individual or group that is based on their perceived characteristics, such as race, gender, or sexual orientation, and is often negative or unfair. An example of prejudice could be assuming that all people of a certain race are inherently criminal or lazy. This belief is not based on evidence or individual experiences, but on generalizations and stereotypes. Prejudice can also manifest as a belief that one’s own group is superior to others, leading to discriminatory behavior.

What are the types of discrimination?

(Photo by Daniel Reche:

Picture of a bowl of eggs with 3 white and one brown one depicting discrimination

One type of discrimination is gender discrimination. This happens when men and women are treated differently because of their gender. For example, women may be paid less than men for the same job, or they may not be given promotions because they are women. Gender discrimination can also occur when people make assumptions about what a woman or man should do or how they should behave based on their gender.

Another type of discrimination is race Discrimination. This happens when people are treated differently based on their race. For example, people of color may experience more racism than white people do in society. They may also experience more bias at work than white people do. Race Discrimination can also include things like being treated poorly because you are wearing a religious symbol from a different race than the person who made the assumption about your identity (for example, wearing a headscarf).

Discrimination can also happenbecause someone does not have the same privileges as other people in society. For example, if you are transgender, you might not be able to use the bathroom that corresponds with your gender identity without fear of harassment or violence from other people in society. This type of discrimination is called transgender discrimination

What are examples of types of prejudice?

There are many types of prejudice, including:

  • Racial prejudice – prejudice based on race or ethnicity
  • Religious prejudice – prejudice based on religious beliefs
  • Sexual orientation prejudice – prejudice based on sexual orientation
  • Gender prejudice – prejudice based on gender or perceived gender
  • Age prejudice – prejudice based on age
  • Disability prejudice – prejudice based on physical or mental disability
  • National origin prejudice – prejudice based on national origin or cultural background

What is the main difference between discrimination and stereotypes?

Discrimination and stereotypes are related but distinct concepts.

Stereotypes are oversimplified and often inaccurate beliefs or generalizations about a particular group of people based on their perceived characteristics, such as race, gender, or sexual orientation. Stereotypes are not necessarily negative, but they can be and often perpetuate harmful biases and prejudices.

Discrimination, on the other hand, refers to actions that treat people differently based on those same characteristics. Discrimination can be overt, such as denying someone a job or housing based on their race, or it can be more subtle, such as assuming someone is less competent based on their gender. Discrimination can occur as a result of stereotypes and prejudices, but it is a separate concept that involves concrete actions and behaviors that have a tangible impact on individuals and communities.

In short, stereotypes are beliefs or generalizations about a group, while discrimination is unequal treatment of individuals based on their perceived characteristics.

How do you identify discrimination?

There is a big difference between prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice is the judgment we form before we have all the information, while discrimination is the act of discriminating against someone based on that judgment. For example, if you think all black people are criminals, you have a prejudice against black people. If you fire an employee simply because they are black, you are discriminating against them.

How do you identify prejudice?

Prejudice is an attitude or feeling that one has towards a particular group of people, often without any factual grounds. It is different from discrimination, which is the act of discriminating against someone on the basis of their membership in a certain group. Prejudice can be conscious or unconscious, and it can be based on personal feelings or on generalizations about a group.

One way to measure the degree to which someone is prejudice is to ask them to consider a situation in which they have no personal stake. If they are able to think objectively about the situation, their level of prejudice will be higher if the situation involves members of the minority group than if there are no such minorities involved.

Another way to measure prejudice is to ask people how likely they think it is that members of different groups will behave in a certain way. Again, if people are able to make an impartial judgment, their level of prejudice will be higher if they think members of the minority group will differ from average in their behavior than if they think there won’t be any difference.

People who hold prejudicial attitudes towards minority groups may find it difficult to get along with them and may even mistreat them outright. This kind of treatment can lead to real-world consequences for those who belong to the minority group, such as lower levels of job security or income, reduced access to education and housing, and worse health outcomes.

Here are some common other common signs to identify discrimination:

  • Unequal treatment – individuals are treated differently based on their perceived characteristics, such as race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, or age.
  • Denial of opportunities – individuals are denied access to resources, such as education, employment, housing, or medical care, based on their perceived characteristics.
  • Harassment or abuse – individuals are subjected to abusive or hostile behavior, including verbal abuse, physical violence, or hate crimes based on their perceived characteristics.
  • Stereotyping or assumptions – individuals are subjected to negative or inaccurate generalizations or assumptions based on their perceived characteristics.
  • Disparate impact – policies or practices that appear neutral but have a disproportionate and negative impact on certain groups based on their perceived characteristics.

It is important to note that discrimination can be overt and obvious, or it can be more subtle and implicit. In some cases, individuals may not even be aware that they have been subjected to discrimination. If you believe that you or someone you know has been the victim of discrimination, it is important to speak out and take action to address the issue.

What are examples of prejudice in school?

(Photo by Mikhail Nilov on

Picture of a child bullying another child at school

There are many different examples of prejudice in school. Some examples include: bullying by classmates against students who are different from them (based on race, religion, disability status, etc.), exclusion from groups or clubs because you don’t belong to the same demographic (for example, being refused admission to a club because you’re not white), and being made to feel uncomfortable at school because of your heritage (e.g., having jokes made about your culture).

If you experience any form of discrimination at school, it’s important to speak up. You can contact your teacher or parents and let them know what’s happening. You can also reach out to an organization like the Canadian Civil Liberties Association (CCLA) or Anti-Defamation League (ADL) for help. They can provide you with information about how to file a complaint and support you through the process.

How to stop being prejudicial?

Prejudice is an irrational dislike or prejudice against a group of people based on personal characteristics. Discrimination is any act that is based on prejudice, such as refusing to hire someone because they are from a certain race or gender. Prejudice can be difficult to overcome, but discrimination can be prevented by Educating yourself and others about the difference between the two.

How to fight discrimination?

Fighting discrimination requires collective effort and commitment from individuals and communities. Here are some ways to help combat discrimination:

  • Educate yourself – learn about the different forms of discrimination, its causes, and the impact it has on individuals and communities.
  • Speak out against discrimination – challenge discriminatory language and behavior when you encounter it, and use your voice to support those who have been affected by discrimination.
  • Support anti-discrimination laws and policies – advocate for laws and policies that protect the rights of all individuals and promote equality and inclusiveness.
  • Promote diversity and inclusiveness – support and participate in initiatives that promote diversity and inclusiveness in your community and workplace.
  • Stand up for those who are being discriminated against – be an ally to those who are affected by discrimination, and offer your support and advocacy.
  • Practice self-reflection – examine your own biases and prejudices, and work to challenge and overcome them.

Fighting discrimination is an ongoing process that requires persistence and commitment. By taking action and working together, we can help create a more equitable and inclusive world for all.


Featured Image By – Photo by Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona on Unsplash

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