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What is chaff?
Chaff is a countermeasure used by military aircraft to confuse radar-guided missiles. It consists of small metal strips or streamers that are ejected from the aircraft at high speed. The radar waves reflect off the metal strips, causing false targets to be displayed on the missile’s radar screen. This makes it more difficult for the missile to track and hit the aircraft.
What is a flare?
Flares are also used as countermeasures against infrared-guided missiles. They are bright burning objects that are ejected from the aircraft. The flares distract the missile’s heat-seeking guidance system, leading it away from the aircraft.
How are they different?
-Chaff is a countermeasure used against radar-guided missiles. It is a cloud of small, conductive metal strips that confuses the radar guidance system of the missile, causing it to miss its target.
-Flares are also a countermeasure used against missiles, but they work differently than chaff. Flares are bright burning flares that are released from the aircraft. The heat and light from the flare confuse the infrared guidance system of the missile, causing it to miss its target.
What are the benefits of each?
There are several benefits to using chaff and flares. Chaff can be used to create a smokescreen that can obscure vision and make it difficult for enemies to target your aircraft. Flares can be used to decoy heat-seeking missiles, drawing them away from your aircraft. Additionally, both chaff and flares can be used to create a diversion, allowing you time to escape or reposition yourself.