Conquistadors typically have a military background and their goal is to claim land for their country. Explorers, on the other hand, are more interested in discovering and learning about new cultures.
Who were the conquistadors?
The conquistadors were a group of Spanish soldiers and explorers who, in the 16th century, conquered the Aztec Empire in present-day Mexico. The word “conquistador” is derived from the Spanish verb “conquistar,” meaning “to conquer.”
During the Age of Exploration, the Spanish crown commissioned conquistadors to explore new lands in the Americas and to claim them for Spain. These soldiers often used brutal force to subdue indigenous peoples and seize their land and resources.
Some of the most famous conquistadors include Hernán Cortés, who led the conquest of Mexico; Francisco Pizarro, who conquered the Inca Empire in Peru; and Juan de Oñate, who established Spanish settlements in present-day New Mexico.
The actions of the conquistadors had a profound impact on the history of Latin America. They brought about the demise of indigenous civilizations, ushered in an era of European colonization, and introduced new plants, animals, and diseases to the continent.
Who were the explorers?
The explorers were the people who set out to find new lands and chart new territory. They were mostly scientists and cartographers who set out to map the new world and study its inhabitants.
What are the differences between the two groups?
There are several key differences between these two groups. The conquistadors were armed with guns and armor, whereas the explorers typically only carried weapons for self-defense. The conquistadors also had horses, which gave them a significant advantage in terms of mobility.
The conquistadors were also generally much more brutal than the explorers. They killed native people indiscriminately, often in pursuit of gold and other treasure. They also enslaved large numbers of people, both native and European. In contrast, the explorers tended to be more peaceful, working with native people to learn about their cultures and customs.
What were the roles of explorers and conquistadors?
The roles of explorers and conquistadors were very different. Explorers were responsible for finding new lands and mapping them, while conquistadors were responsible for conquering and colonizing those lands. Conquistadors often used force to subdue the indigenous people they encountered, while explorers generally tried to establish friendly relations with them.
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